Common Law Admission Test is a centralized test to shortlist candidates for admissions in the colleges of various law universities. There are 21 national law universities in India which take admission on the basis of CLAT score. There are 43 other institutes and two public sector institutes who take admissions on CLAT score. There are 21 law schools in rotation who conduct the examination and they come in CLAT consortium. This exam is conducted in offline mode. In this exam Deductive Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, English, General Knowledge, Elementary Mathematics. The objective to conduct this exam is to find skilled candidates to National Law Universities. The duration of this exam is 2 hours. The score or grade range is 50 to 200 and it is valid for seeking admission in any of the affiliated institution for one year. This exam is conducted once in a year. Law aspirants can appear as many times as they can for this exam. It is conducted in English language.
CLAT shall be conducted in offline mode where the paper will have 120-150 questions from five different subjects - General English, General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability), Deductive Reasoning and Logical Reasoning. Scope and coverage of questions under different subject areas:
English : The objective to have English subject in CLAT examination is to check whether the candidate is comfortable with second language i.e. English. Since English language has become a local language now which is used across India. It is important for a law professional to be comfortable with English language in usage. He is expected to have an analytical approach on English language. There are questions based on vocabulary, grammar and reading ability. The level of vocabulary varies time to time. Sometimes unfamiliar words are asked to check one’s command and sometimes they are moderate. The questions of grammar are based on the analytical approach to this language. The objective is to see how confident a candidate is in usage of English language while dealing the cases professionally. To see one’s reading skills, there are para jumbled exercises, passages, rapid fillers. Comprehension is the section that makes reading ability of a candidate clear. A candidate has to understand the meaning as well as has to be efficient in time too. Apart from reading ability, analysis is also checked which is based on deductions, inference and understanding. One should work well on getting the sense of the written content. This is how passages check analytical approach of English language.
Quantitative Techniques : Having a good command on elementary mathematics shows logic building of a candidate. A lawyer is expected to have logical calculations so this subject is kept in CLAT exam. Questions of mathematics are elementary like time and distance, percentage, ration and proportion, menstruation etc. with a little practice one can gain a command on it as these questions are not of advanced level in fact, and these questions are concerned with practical approach as well.
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge : The objective is to check whether a candidate is updated with present scenario or not. These questions check common sense and retain-ability of the facts in a candidate. One can be updated with current affairs with consistent reading skills of news papers and magazines. The aspirant is advised to develop reading habits in his practical life. Although the knowledge of some specific sections play an important role and so far it is observed that questions generally come from these fixed sections like Constitution of India, Indian economy and history. This can be covered with discussion too. The aspirant is advised to have more and more group activities to cover these topics because realization of such topics assist us a lot in memory linking.
Logical Reasoning : Being logical is based on reasoning ability. Reasoning has multiple levels of getting its depth so the questions are based on the same approach. A CLAT aspirant should get enough exposure on multiple levels of exercises. He/she is advised to explore more and more exercises to develop this aptitude. This is a brain storming exercise so one should be ready to have these exercises with peaceful and active conscious level. This involves coding decoding, blood relation, direction and distance, ranking arrangement, seating arrangement, dice, cube , calendar, clock, syllogism and sequence and series (missing number, number series, repeated series)
Legal Reasoning : These questions are based on law. These questions are in form of conditions and your legal approach is expected to resolve such cases. This is the part of creative problem solving in a legal manner. Such questions see principles, fact model and analytical approach to apply the available resources of law. While learning law, such case studies are taken. These case studies can be further explored too for the optimum solution. Candidates are advised to have cases studies for available laws.-->